Euromelanoma in Portugal 2010-2016
Introduction: The incidence of skin cancer has been increasing in recent years around the world. Key targets in the fight against skin cancer include alerting populations to primary prevention by promoting knowledge about risk factors and encouraging better sun protection behaviors as well as secondary prevention promoting skin self-examination and screenings. The Portuguese Society of Dermatology and Venereology and the Portuguese Skin Cancer Association, have collaborated with Euromelanoma, a pan-European information and screening initiative for skin cancer since the year 2000.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study consisted in the evaluation of data from the completed Euromelanoma questionnaires during the Euromelanoma screening day in Continental Portugal and Islands, in public and private institutions from 2010 to 2016.
Results: A total of 9862 individuals were included, 63% female and 37% male, with a mean age of 48 years. The number of clinically suspected malignant or pre malignant lesions was relatively low but consistent with other published Euromelanoma studies: 3% basal cell carcinoma, 0.4% squamous cell carcinoma, 1% melanoma, and 6% of actinic keratoses.
Conclusion: The Euromelanoma initiative has raised at national and international level a greater awareness of the population on the theme of skin cancer, with promotion of the messages by the media, assuming itself as an important subject of public health, recognized by the political and sanitary authorities.
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