ACTINIC CHEILITIS: CO2 LASER ABLATION VERSUS VERMILIONECTOMY – ELEVEN YEAR ANALYSIS

Rita Cabral, Vera Teixeira, Ricardo Vieira, Américo Figueiredo

Abstract


Background: Actinic cheilitis is a pre-malignant lesion affecting predominantly the vermilion of the inferior lip of male patients. 

Objectives: Our aim was compare two treatment options for Actinic cheilitis: ablation with CO2 laser and vermilionectomy.  Methods: Retrospective study of patients with Actinic cheilitis treated with CO2 laser ablation or vermilionectomy, in an 11 year period.

Results: 51 caucasian patients were included, 43 (84%) of which were submitted to CO2 laser ablation and the 8 (16%) remainder to vermilionectomy. Mean follow-up time was 30,8 months (3 to 84 months). No recurrences were found in the patients submitted to vermilionectomy and in 72,5% of the patients treated with CO2 laser ablation, with no statistical significance (p>0,05). There was evolution to squamous cell carcinoma in one patient treated by CO2 laser ablation, after 50 months (surgically removed, no recurrence to date).

Conclusion: Despite this reduced series, our results are similar to those available in the literature, concerning the recurrence rate after laser CO2 ablation.


Keywords


Cheilitis; Laser therapy; Precancerous conditions; Reconstructive surgical procedures

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29021/spdv.71.2.167

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