ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS TO AN EYELID SHADOW

  • Catarina Araújo Interna do Internato Complementar de Dermatologia e Venereologia/Resident, Dermatology and Venereology, Serviço de Dermatologia e Venereologia, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes – São Victor, Braga, Portugal
  • Cristina Resende Interna do Internato Complementar de Dermatologia e Venereologia/Resident, Dermatology and Venereology, Serviço de Dermatologia e Venereologia, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes – São Victor, Braga, Portugal
  • Teresa Pereira Assistente Hospitalar de Dermatologia e Venereologia/Consultant, Dermatology and Venereology, Serviço de Dermatologia e Venereologia, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes – São Victor, Braga, Portugal
  • Celeste Brito Chefe de Serviço, Directora do Serviço de Dermatologia e Venereologia/Consultant Chief, Head of Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Serviço de Dermatologia e Venereologia, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes – São Victor, Braga, Portugal
Keywords: Allergic contact dermatitis, Eyelid, Shadow, Make-up, Nickel

Abstract

Introduction: The published percentage of patients with eyelid dermatitis from cosmetic exposure lies between 2.5% and 26%. Pigmented make-up may contain metal allergens, including nickel, chromium and cobalt.

Case report: A 52-year-old atopic woman, hairdresser, with a 7-month history of itching, erythema and scaling of both eyelids. Her medical history revealed earlobe dermatitis in childhood. She was referred for patch-testing in our contact allergy department with baseline series from Portuguese Contact Dermatitis group (GPEDC), cosmetic and hairdresser series and the patient´s own products in semi-open test. Positive reactions were observed to nickel sulphate 5% in petrolatum (++ at D3) and valentina D kejal®, grey eye shadow (++ at D3).

Conclusions: Cosmetics are a potentially sensitizing source, on thin facial skin and especially for atopic woman, who have a damaged skin barrier that may favour penetration of allergens, allowing lower nickel concentrations, even as a contaminant, to trigger an eyelid reaction.

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How to Cite
Araújo, C., Resende, C., Pereira, T., & Brito, C. (1). ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS TO AN EYELID SHADOW. Journal of the Portuguese Society of Dermatology and Venereology, 73(1), 119-122. https://doi.org/10.29021/spdv.73.1.352
Section
Grupo Português de Estudo das Dermites de Contacto (GPEDC)